Group-think


One of the interesting phenomenon that often creeps up in meetings is group thinking. Often we see members are quick to agree on any topic of discussion. This is the weakness of having meetings more than 2 hours or near the lunch time.

The etiology of group-think.

1. Time pressure (I got to beat the traffic jam..I got to fetch my children from school)
2. Lack of free expression especially when the chairperson is too autocratic.
3. When the decisions are already been decided by the chairman.
4. When members are too careful to speak-up, they are afraid to make any comments. Often because they scare that their ideas are going to be shut down by the chair person. At he end, they choose to shut up.
5. When members look at the problem just from one paradigm. Hence, they already close their mind to another options. As a result they see just a single solution.
6. Sometimes it become a taboo that if someone asks a lot of question and presents a lot of view, the meeting process would be too long and decisions become more difficult to reach consensus. Some people would argue on the process and the decision making procedure.
7. Anxiety to speak-up and argue is common. Social phobia is a condition when people feel anxious to speak in public and subject to feeling of being scrutinized in public.

Signs to watch out for group-think.

1. When everybody start to nod their head on every suggestions then the time may be right to stop the meeting.
2. When people are tired of constructive ideas and criticism they go to the extend of downgrading “the opposition”.
3. When somebody try to speak but stop as to censor himself from further talking, he may be doing self-censorship. As a result, others may do the same too.
4. When everybody rationalize on the same point.
5. Many a times members will say, “let’s just agree”

Group-think is highly undesirable as it decreases objectivity and openness to new and diverse viewpoints.

Few steps to improve the meeting process.

1. Encourage diversity of viewpoint.
2. Legitimize disagreement.
3. Generate new ideas instead of evaluating ideas.
4. Discuss the pros and cons of each ideas.
5. Don’t just brush off new ideas, instead, think through it more than once.
6. Examine the group process.

Hedonistic Culture and Anhedonia


Hedonism is the Greek work. Originally called hedone, which means sweetness. Understandably, sweetness is the feeling that has to be appreciated by taste. Gradually, the concept was generalized to feeling of pleasure related to smell and hearing. By and large, now hedonism does not apparently apply to taste and feeling any more. It is generally a metaphor to describe any pleasant feeling, sensation or emotion.

Hedonistic culture refers to culture which seek pleasure as the only ultimate goal, and the cultural doctrine believes that everyone should live with the ultimate goal to seek pleasure. Pleasure can be derived from many sources. Most common to lay persons that I observe in many part of the country especially the place which I reside is either procession of wealth like having jewelery for ladies and having many modified or luxurious cars for men, The rich man would love to collect few branded cars and big bungalows as a show of affluence and good fortune. To my mind, I believe, it is under their subconscious as consciously, they are well-thought and religious.

Another interesting observation is regarding the gratification for most men and some women derived from polygamous marriage. Men, as many said, are polygamous in nature. Women in some cases shown more relax and less hostile attitude toward polygamy as it is allowed by religion. Combining the two perspectives, in general, the attitude toward liberal marriage is gracious. Could that be some form of subconscious, well-repressed form of hedonistic culture in the Malay dominated, submissive and well-compliance Islamic society.

Anhedonia, on the other hand is the absence of pleasure or lack of ability to experience a normally pleasurable activities. It is one of the key feature for depression, a mood disorder characterized by low mood, loss of energy, loss of weight and lack of interest.

In popular culture, Anhedonia was the title Woody Allen intended to call for his 1977 film, Annie Hall. This romantic comedy revolved around two persons and follows the up and down relationship of two mismatched New York neurotics. This comedy is basically about a Jewish comedy writer , Alvy Singer who used to ponder the modern quest for love and his past romance with a singer, Annie Hall.

The twice-divorced Alvy knows that it’s not easy to find a mate when the options include pretentious New York intellectuals and lifestyle-obsessed writers, but Annie seems different. Along the rocky road of their coupling, Alvy weigh in on such topics as endless therapy, movies, the absurdity of dating rituals and drugs. This film didn’t focus on anhedonia per se, but displayed emotional expression of two neurotics as it blended the slapstick and fantasy from such earlier Woody Allen film’s trade mark.

In conclusion, I believe that we need to check the drive for pleasure as we don’t want to live in a culture which subconsciously derived most gratification based on repressed hedonistic wishes. That would create a dilemma of a counterfeit society. Similarly, anhedonia is the worst feeling to experience as only the depressives experience the complexity of extreme pleasurelessness.

Bye.

Team Building


It is a vision of all leaders to develop high performance teams.

Team members work together to accomplish the purpose. The team in which an individual team member agrees on who will do a particular job, how schedules will be set and adhered to and how the group make decisions.

Allow me to suggest some common approaches to team building.

1. Leaders have to show direction. This can be done through clear vision and mission of the organization. Leaders must develop some sense of urgency. Otherwise, the organization won’t move to the next level. Teams usually work at their best level in urgent situations.

2. Get capable members based on skill not just personalities. Skills at individual level such as interpersonal and problem solving skills are important in order to have pool of diverse human potentials. Skills at organizational level such as managerial and technical skills would help the team to advance in their work.

3. Concentrate on action. Meeting without action is useless. Attributes like open attitude, flexible and focus on the agenda are needed from the chairman of the meeting. He should allow open discussion to deal with individual concerns at the end of the meeting. More important is the follow-up action to matters that have been discussed.

4. Clear regulations are vital. Rules on certain expected behaviours promote focus and commitment. The team member who violate rules and regulations should be reprimanded and firm action should be taken when necessary.

5. Plan short and long-term strategic tasks. Strategic planning needs to concentrate on SWAT analysis and individual performances have to be measured using KPI.

6. Challenge the team members with new ideas. Regular brainstorming activities should generate new ideas. Like it or not, team leaders have to read extensively in order to generate new way of doing things. Team members have to be receptive to new and innovative ideas.

7. Spent time together. Many high performance organizations allocate some space for their members to interact both formally and informally. Creative organizations even allocate some room for their staff to relax and engage in some kind of recreational activities.

8. Use power of positive reinforcement. This is the skill that need to be learned by all team leaders. Positive reinforcement promotes feeling of appreciation and the need to contribute back to the organization.

Children’s Expression


Drawing is no doubt, a way of expression for children. Children search complexity through drawing. They communicate to the world through drawing. But, unfortunately, adults used to have an idea that children communicate through speech only. Adults often missed visual expression in the form of children drawing. Most of the time, everything that is seen can be translated into visual form.

What do we study when looking at drawings created by children?

1. Pattern
For instance, when there is a problem with the father, the child will put him at different position far away from the rest of family members. Do not forget the fact that boundaries, fences and spaces provide the way of describing differences among patterns especially the relationship patterns in the family.

2. Sequence
Child’s sequence is indeed a guide to the development of his/her strategy; where to start and where to end the drawing.

3. See how equivalents develop
For example, see how children draw a 4-legged creatures with equivalent in the number and position of the legs .

In conclusion, study on drawing by children should invoke a strong sense of respect for inventiveness and creativity.

Do we, adults learn much from them?

Null Hypothesis


What is more dangerous than the idea that parents have no control over their children. Parents do not shape their child’s action, thought and emotion.

There are numerous studies which proved otherwise. But is it wrong to assume some ideas from square one? The answer is, of course, not. To prove a hypothesis right, one needs to develop the idea of no association or better known as null hypothesis.

The null hypothesis assumes that any kind of difference or significance you see in a set of data is due to chance. If you used to assume that parents always have control over their children; then you should nullify the association in order to prove it correct. The idea of zero parental influence is indeed a null hypothesis. It is up to researchers to prove it, right or wrong.

How to show parents have no control over their children when everyone believe it is not!

Let us look at this angle. When everyone believe children need constant control, parents are in constant vigilance. That is why parents used to behave like policemen and policewomen. Children on the other hand, behave like criminals. That is why, by and large, children are not happy, have no confidence and low self-esteem. When children develop mental health problems, no policemen can control them. Parents who act like policemen now have to bring them to see child mental health specialists.

Watch out, cases are on the rise. Switch on your tv set, bully and child abuse cases were reported every now and then. Check children behaviors in YouTube. You will be shocked to death.

“Psychiatry in the Nazi era”


I read with interest the article on “Psychiatry in the Nazi era”.

It is a common notion during Nazi era that feeble-mindedness, schizophrenia, manic depression and epilepsy were suspected to belong to the class of inherited diseases. Nazi believed that their civilization was in danger if the process of spreading bad gene was not stopped.

Law was introduced to voluntary sterilization of carefully specified groups (schizophrenics, manic depressives, epileptics). Involuntary sterilization was to be pronounced by court consisting 2 medical officers and a judge. Finally, about 350,000 persons were being sterilized.

The idea that precipitate mass sterilization come from Hitler himself. He believed that such a law had to be obeyed for 600 years to show a significant effect.

Nazis too subscribed to mercy killing for incurable psychiatric patients. In the Second World War, the pressure to kill incurable psychiatric patients increased drastically. Hitler founded a murder organization.

Patients were killed using carbon monoxide. As usual, some psychiatrists worked for Hitler and many protested. Killing by gas stopped during war against Soviet Union in 1941.

The idea of using these patients for brain anatomy research evolved during this period. At the same time, based on the knowledge of using carbon monoxide in killing feeble-mindedness patients, the same method was used to kill the Jews.

Finally, history has leave us with many facts to be learned. First, the abandonment of the individual in favour of the group should always be checked for abuse. Second, the wishes of the patient should always be respected and last but not least, welcome to the new era of medical ethics.

Power


Why do human being craze for power?

The answer lies to the fact that power creates feeling of mastery and competence. The individual who craze for power believes, only the strong shall thrives, the weak shall perish and only the fit survive.

Unconsciously, some of us believe the reason to be a doctor is because doctors have power over people health (read: life). These people believe that to fulfill the need for power is through achievement. Becoming a doctor is a great achievement especially for a young boy from a remote village in a rural mainland of Malaysia!

As many of us are well aware of, becoming a leader is another way of satisfying the need for power. Powerful people like to be in-charge of his/her environment. Powerful people often are described as authoritarian, domineering, autocratic, manipulative and exploitative. They are the boss. They tell people what to do and how it should be done. They dominate conversation. They want to be the centre of attraction.

I strongly believe one need to strike a balance when it come to acquisition of power. Otherwise one would create imbalance personality. Take for example, one who have a lot of power at work, over-controlling his staff, dominant in making decisions but at home he might behave submissively facing his dominant wife and defiant children.

Human being cannot act powerfully 24/7 because one need to relax and reflect. Relax and reflect create a balance personality.

Each of us is an individual in term of how much power we seek and how often we ‘relax and reflect’ for balancing purposes.

Bye.